Thermal insulation materials from renewable resources: thermal and hygric performances
The European ISOBIO project aims to develop new bio-based building insulating materials which contribute to reduce environmental impacts of buildings. The developed materials shall have low embodied energy and low carbon footprint and shall contribute to reduce energy needs of buildings ant to ensure high hygrothermal comfort of users. This study investigates the valuation of agro-resources as bio-based aggregates and as binding material to produce wholly bio-based composites. Two types of aggregates: hemp shiv and corn cob residues (obtained after alkali treatment on the corn cob), and five types of green binders are investigated. Specimens are produced to characterize thermal and hygric properties of developed composites and to identify the best mixture between aggregate and binder. They show interesting thermal and hygric properties. They have low thermal conductivity ranging from 0.067 to 0.148 W/(m.K) and depending on the mix (aggregate with binder). They are excellent hygric regulators (MBV >2 g/(m².%RH)). These results suggest that developed composites can be used as building materials but not for the same types of use. In fact, some composites would be more suitable for thermal insulating products and others would be better suited to indoor facing panels.